Areananan Magnets na Duniya

Samarium Cobalt Magnet Bayani da Bayani:

Samarium Cobalt (SmCo) maganadisu shima ana kiran sa magnet na duniya Cobalt magnet. Babban juriyarsa ga demagnetization da kyakkyawan yanayin zafin jiki yana sa SmCo babban zafin jiki maganadiso ko Sm2Co17 maganadisu don yin aiki karko ƙarƙashin zafin jiki mai ƙarfi zuwa 350 ° C. Yawancin lokaci babu suturar da ake bukata. Saboda haka maganadisun SmCo shine mafi kyawun zaɓi na kayan maganadisu don yawancin aikace-aikacen manyan ayyuka kamar sararin samaniya, motocin motsa jiki da masana'antar kera motoci.

Darasi Ragowar shigarwar
Br
Kwadayi
Hcb
Mahimmancin erarfafawa
Hcj
Matsakaicin Makamashi
(BH) mafi girma
Rev. Temp. Kura.
α (Br)
Rev. Temp. Kura.
β (Hcj)
Max aiki dan lokaci.
T kG kA / m  kOe kA / m  kOe kJ / m3 MGOe  % / ° C  % / ° C ° C
SmCo5, (SmPr) Co5, SmCo 1: 5 maganadiso
YX14 0.74-0.80 7.4-8.0 573-629 7.2-7.9 > 1194 > 15 96-119 12-15 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX14H 0.74-0.80 7.4-8.0 573-629 7.2-7.9 > 1592 > 20 96-119 12-15 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX16 0.79-0.85 7.9-8.5 612-660 7.7-8.3 > 1194 > 15 110-135 14-17 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX16H 0.79-0.85 7.9-8.5 612-660 7.7-8.3 > 1592 > 20 110-135 14-17 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX18 0.84-0.90 8.4-9.0 644-700 8.1-8.8 > 1194 > 15 127-151 16-19 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX18H 0.84-0.90 8.4-9.0 644-700 8.1-8.8 > 1592 > 20 127-151 16-19 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX20 0.89-0.94 8.9-9.4 676-725 8.5-9.1 > 1194 > 15 143-167 18-21 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX20H 0.89-0.94 8.9-9.4 676-725 8.5-9.1 > 1592 > 20 143-167 18-21 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX22 0.92-0.96 9.2-9.6 710-748 8.9-9.4 > 1194 > 15 160-183 20-23 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX22H 0.92-0.96 9.2-9.6 710-748 8.9-9.4 > 1592 > 20 160-183 20-23 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX24 0.95-1.00 9.5-10.0 730-780 9.2-9.8 > 1194 > 15 175-199 22-25 -0.04 -0.30 250
YX24H 0.95-1.00 9.5-10.0 730-780 9.2-9.8 > 1592 > 20 175-199 22-25 -0.04 -0.30 250
Sm2Co17, Sm2 (CoFeCuZr) 17, SmCo 2:17 maganadiso
YXG22 0.93-0.97 9.3-9.7 676-740 8.5-9.3 > 1433 > 18 160-183 20-23 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG22H 0.93-0.97 9.3-9.7 676-740 8.5-9.3 > 1990 > 25 160-183 20-23 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG24 0.95-1.02 9.5-10.2 692-764 8.7-9.6 > 1433 > 18 175-191 22-24 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG24H 0.95-1.02 9.5-10.2 692-764 8.7-9.6 > 1990 > 25 175-191 22-24 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG26M 1.02-1.05 10.2-10.5 541-780 6.8-9.8 636-1433 8-18 191-207 24-26 -0.03 -0.20 300
YXG26 1.02-1.05 10.2-10.5 748-796 9.4-10.0 > 1433 > 18 191-207 24-26 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG26H 1.02-1.05 10.2-10.5 748-796 9.4-10.0 > 1990 > 25 191-207 24-26 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG28M 1.03-1.08 10.3-10.8 541-796 6.8-10.0 636-1433 8-18 207-223 26-28 -0.03 -0.20 300
YXG28 1.03-1.08 10.3-10.8 756-812 9.5-10.2 > 1433 > 18 207-223 26-28 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG28H 1.03-1.08 10.3-10.8 756-812 9.5-10.2 > 1990 > 25 207-223 26-28 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG30M 1.08-1.10 10.8-11.0 541-835 6.8-10.5 636-1433 8-18 223-240 28-30 -0.03 -0.20 300
YXG30 1.08-1.10 10.8-11.0 788-835 9.9-10.5 > 1433 > 18 223-240 28-30 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG30H 1.08-1.10 10.8-11.0 788-835 9.9-10.5 > 1990 > 25 223-240 28-30 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG32M 1.10-1.13 11.0-11.3 541-844 6.8-10.6 636-1433 8-18 230-255 29-32 -0.03 -0.20 300
YXG32 1.10-1.13 11.0-11.3 812-844 10.2-10.6 > 1433 > 18 230-255 29-32 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG32H 1.10-1.13 11.0-11.3 812-844 10.2-10.6 > 1990 > 25 230-255 29-32 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG34M 1.13-1.16 11.3-11.6 835-884 10.5-11.1 636-1433 8-18 246-270 31-34 -0.03 -0.20 300
YXG34 1.13-1.16 11.3-11.6 835-884 10.5-11.1 > 1433 > 18 246-270 31-34 -0.03 -0.20 350
YXG34H 1.13-1.16 11.3-11.6 835-884 10.5-11.1 > 1990 > 25 246-270 31-34 -0.03 -0.20 350
Temarancin Zazzabi mai ƙarfi Sm2Co17, (SmEr) 2 (CoTm) 17, SmCo 2:17 maganadiso
YXG22LT 0.94-0.98 9.4-9.8 668-716 8.4-9.0 > 1194 > 15 167-183 21-23 -0.015 -0.20 350

Neodymium Magnet Bayani da Bayani:

Neodymium (NdFeB), Neo, ko Neodymium Iron Boron maganadisu yana da aikace-aikace iri-iri kamar motocin DC mara gogewa, firikwensin firikwensin, da lasifikar lasifika, saboda kyawawan kaddarorinsa kamar manyan abubuwan maganadisu (gami da shigar da saura, ƙarfin tilastawa, da mafi yawan samfurin makamashi), ƙari Zaɓuɓɓukan matakan maganadisu da yanayin aiki, mafi sauƙi a cikin aikin injiniya don yin siffofi da yawa masu girma da yawa, da sauransu. 

Darasi Ragowar shigarwar
Br
Kwadayi
Hcb
Mahimmancin erarfafawa
Hcj
Matsakaicin Makamashi
(BH) mafi girma
Rev. Temp. Kura.
α (Br)
Rev. Temp. Kura.
β (Hcj)
Max aiki dan lokaci.
T kG kA / m  kOe kA / m  kOe kJ / m3 MGOe  % / ° C  % / ° C ° C
N35 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 868 > 10.9 > 955  > 12 263-287 33-36 -0.12 -0.62 80
N38 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 > 899 > 11.3 > 955  > 12 287-310 36-39 -0.12 -0.62 80
N40 1.25-1.28 12.5-12.8 907 > 11.4 > 955  > 12 302-326 38-41 -0.12 -0.62 80
N42 1.28-1.32 12.8-13.2 > 915 > 11.5 > 955  > 12 318-342 40-43 -0.12 -0.62 80
N45 1.32-1.38 13.2-13.8 > 923 > 11.6 > 955  > 12 342-366 43-46 -0.12 -0.62 80
N48 1.38-1.42 13.8-14.2 > 923 > 11.6 > 955  > 12 366-390 46-49 -0.12 -0.62 80
N50 1.40-1.45 14.0-14.5 > 796 > 10.0 > 876  > 11 382-406 48-51 -0.12 -0.62 80
N52 1.43-1.48 14.3-14.8 > 796 > 10.0 > 876  > 11 398-422 50-53 -0.12 -0.62 80
N33M 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 836 > 10.5 > 1114 > 14 247-263 31-33 -0.11 -0,60 100
N35M 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 868 > 10.9 > 1114 > 14 263-287 33-36 -0.11 -0,60 100
N38M 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 > 899 > 11.3 > 1114 > 14 287-310 36-39 -0.11 -0,60 100
N40M 1.25-1.28 12.5-12.8 > 923 > 11.6 > 1114 > 14 302-326 38-41 -0.11 -0,60 100
N42M 1.28-1.32 12.8-13.2  > 955 > 12.0 > 1114 > 14   318-342 40-43 -0.11 -0,60 100
N45M 1.32-1.38 13.2-13.8 > 995 > 12.5 > 1114 > 14 342-366 43-46 -0.11 -0,60 100
N48M 1.36-1.43 13.6-14.3 > 1027 > 12.9 > 1114 > 14 366-390 46-49 -0.11 -0,60 100
N50M 1.40-1.45 14.0-14.5 1033 > 13.0 > 1114 > 14 382-406 48-51 -0.11 -0,60 100
N33H 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 836 > 10.5 > 1353 > 17 247-263 31-33 -0.11 -0.58 120
N35H 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 868 > 10.9 > 1353 > 17 263-287 33-36 -0.11 -0.58 120
N38H 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 > 899 > 11.3 > 1353 > 17 287-310 36-39 -0.11 -0.58 120
N40H 1.25-1.28 12.5-12.8 > 923 > 11.6 > 1353 > 17 302-326 38-41 -0.11 -0.58 120
N42H 1.28-1.32 12.8-13.2 > 955 > 12.0 > 1353 > 17 318-342 40-43 -0.11 -0.58 120
N45H 1.32-1.36 13.2-13.6 > 963 > 12.1 > 1353 > 17 326-358 43-46 -0.11 -0.58 120
N48H 1.36-1.43 13.6-14.3 > 995 > 12.5 > 1353 > 17 366-390 46-49 -0.11 -0.58 120
N33SH 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 > 844 > 10.6 > 1592 > 20 247-263 31-33 -0.11 -0.55 150
N35SH 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 876 > 11.0 > 1592 > 20 263-287 33-36 -0.11 -0.55 150
N38SH 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 907 > 11.4 > 1592 > 20 287-310 36-39 -0.11 -0.55 150
N40SH 1.25-1.28 12.5-12.8 > 939 > 11.8 > 1592 > 20 302-326 38-41 -0.11 -0.55 150
N42SH 1.28-1.32 12.8-13.2 987 > 12.4 > 1592 > 20 318-342 40-43 -0.11 -0.55 150
N45SH 1.32-1.38 13.2-13.8 1003 > 12.6 > 1592 > 20 342-366 43-46 -0.11 -0.55 150
N28UH 1.02-1.08 10.2-10.8 > 764 > 9.6 > 1990 > 25 207-231 26-29 -0.10 -0.55 180
N30UH 1.08-1.13 10.8-11.3 > 812 > 10.2 > 1990 > 25 223-247 28-31 -0.10 -0.55 180
N33UH 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 852 > 10.7 > 1990 > 25 247-271 31-34 -0.10 -0.55 180
N35UH 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 860 > 10.8 > 1990 > 25 263-287 33-36 -0.10 -0.55 180
N38UH 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 > 876 > 11.0 > 1990 > 25 287-310 36-39 -0.10 -0.55 180
N40UH 1.25-1.28 12.5-12.8 > 899 > 11.3 > 1990 > 25 302-326 38-41 -0.10 -0.55 180
N28EH 1.04-1.09 10.4-10.9 > 780 > 9.8 > 2388 > 30 207-231 26-29 -0.10 -0.55 200
N30EH 1.08-1.13 10.8-11.3 > 812 > 10.2 > 2388 > 30 223-247 28-31 -0.10 -0.55 200
N33EH 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 836 > 10.5 > 2388 > 30 247-271 31-34 -0.10 -0.55 200
N35EH 1.17-1.22 11.7-12.2 > 876 > 11.0 > 2388 > 30 263-287 33-36 -0.10 -0.55 200
N38EH 1.22-1.25 12.2-12.5 > 899 > 11.3 > 2388 > 30 287-310 36-39 -0.10 -0.55 200
N28AH 1.04-1.09 10.4-10.9 787 > 9.9 > 2785 > 35 207-231 26-29 -0.10 -0.47 230
N30AH 1.08-1.13 10.8-11.3 > 819 > 10.3 > 2785 > 35 223-247 28-31 -0.10 -0.47 230
N33AH 1.13-1.17 11.3-11.7 > 843 > 10.6 > 2785 > 35 247-271 31-34 -0.10 -0.47 230

Surface Sanyawa don maganadiso:

Shafi Shafin Layer Launi Hankula Mai Kauri
.m
SST
Sa'a
PCT
Sa'a
Aiki dan lokaci.
° C
Kadarori Hankula Appication
Nickel Ni + Cu + Ni, Ni + Ni Haske mai Azurfa 10-20 > 24-72 > 24-72 <200 Mafi yawan amfani Magnetic masana'antu
Blue Farin Zinc Zn Shuɗi Fari 8-15 > 16-48 > 12 <160 Siriri da araha Maganonin wutar lantarki
Launi Zinc 3 + Cr Launi Zn Launi mai haske 5-10 > 36-72 > 12 <160 Siriri kuma mai kyau mannewa Magnetic magana
Nickel na Chemical Ni + Chemical Ni Duhun Azurfa 10-20 > 24-72 > 16 <200 Kaurin kayan aiki Lantarki
Epoxy Epoxy, Zn + Epoxy Baki / Grey 10-25 > 96 > 48 <130 Taushi da kyau juriya lalata Mota
NiCuEpoxy Ni + Cu + Epoxy Baki / Grey 15-30 > 72-108 > 48 <120 Taushi da kyau juriya lalata Arirgar hanyar maganadisu
Faɗakarwa Faɗakarwa Fitilar Gray 1-3 —— —— <240 Kariya na ɗan lokaci Maganonin wutar lantarki
Passivation Passivation Fitilar Gray 1-3 —— —— <240 Kariya na ɗan lokaci Magunguna masu amfani da servo
Parylene Parylene Bayyanannu 3-10 > 24 —— <150 Tensile, haske da babban aminci Soja, Aerospace
Roba Roba Baƙi 500 > 72-108 —— <130 Kyakkyawan karce da juriya ta lalata Riƙe maganadiso

Magnet Tsaro:

Etsananan maganadisun ƙasa ko tsarin maganadisu suna da ƙarfi ƙwarai, don haka dole ne a kawo matakan kariya na ƙasa ga duk ma'aikatan da za su iya amfani da su, kula da su, ko aiwatar da su don kauce wa rauni na mutum ko lalacewar maganadiso.

Tabbatar cewa maganadisun maganadisun da ke cikin maganadisu yana karkashin iko lokacin da suka sadu da juna ko kayan aikin ƙarfe. Yana da mahimmanci a sanya tabaran kariya da sauran kayan kariya masu dacewa yayin sarrafa manyan maganadiso. Hakanan an bada shawarar sanya safar hannu don kare hannayen mutum.

Kiyaye karafan kera daga yankin aiki. Kasance mai hankali lokacin aiki da maganadisu. Kada kayi aiki da maganadisun maganadiso idan kana cikin maye da giya, kwayoyi, ko kuma abubuwan sarrafawa.

Instrumentsananan kayan aikin lantarki da na'urori na iya canza daidaituwa ko lalacewa ta hanyar ƙarfin maganadiso. Koyaushe kiyaye maganadisu mai nisa nesa da kayan aikin lantarki masu mahimmanci. Yakamata a yi taka tsantsan na musamman idan mutum yana sanye da na'urar bugun zuciya, saboda filayen maganadisu mai karfi na iya lalata lantarki a cikin na'urar bugun zuciya.

Kada a taɓa haɗi da maganadiso ko sanya maganadiso tsakanin yara ko manya masu larurar hankali. Idan an haɗiye maganadiso, tuntuɓi likita nan da nan da / ko nemi gaggawa a likitance.

Etsananan maganadiso na duniya na iya ƙirƙirar tartsatsin wuta ta hanyar tuntuɓar mu'amala, musamman lokacin da aka ba da damar tasiri tare. Kada a taɓa ɗaukar maganadisun ƙasa da ba safai a yanayi mai fashewa ba saboda walƙiya na iya kunna wannan yanayin.

Rara ƙurar ƙasa mai ƙonewa ce; konewa ba tare da bata lokaci ba na iya faruwa lokacin da foda ta bushe. Idan nika, a jike maganadisu koyaushe don kauce wa konewa daga tarin nika. Kada a bushe niƙa. Tabbatar samun wadataccen iska lokacin da ake nika maganadisu. Kada a yi amfani da maganadisu ta hanyar amfani da kayan aiki na yau da kullun, saboda wannan na iya haifar da daskararre da farfasawa. Koyaushe sanya tabarau na tsaro.

Koyaushe adana powderan ƙasa mai ƙarancin ruwa ko nikawar dusar ƙanƙara a cikin kwantena da ke cike da ruwa ko kuma a rufe yanayin yanayin yanayi don hana konewa kwatsam.

Koyaushe ku zubar da ƙananan ƙasa da hankali. Kada ku yi barazanar gobara. Zubar da maganadisun maganadisu dole ne a yi shi don hana rauni yayin sarrafawa.